Mosquitoes [CULICIDAE]

Mosquitoes do not feed on blood. The female mosquito requires a blood meal for development of her eggs. When they are 10 feet away they use extremely sensitive thermal receptors on the tip of their antennae to locate blood near the surface of your skin. The range of these receptors increases threefold when the humidity is high. That’s one of the reasons why you get bitten more in summer!

The average life span of a female mosquito is 3 to 100 days while the male lives only 10 to 20 days.

Further Information

Mosquitoes have been around for 100 million years. In that time they have diversified into 3,000 species that are very different from one another. They have successfully adapted to climates from the arctic to the equator and developed means of locating indigenous blood hosts in each locale: some mosquitoes prefer frogs, others mammals, still others birds.

Mosquito adults feed on flower nectar, juices, and decaying matter for flight energy. The larvae are filter feeders of organic particulates. Mosquitoes don’t see very well, but they can zoom in on you like a heat-seeking missile. In the spherical arrangement of their compound eyes, blind spots separate each eye from the next one. As a result, they can’t see you until they are about 30 feet away. Even then, they have trouble distinguishing you from any object of similar size and shape: a tree stump looks exactly like you do to them.

One female mosquito may lay 100 to 300 eggs at a time and may average 1,000 to 3,000 off-springs during her life span. Mosquitoes breed in standing water, so eliminating standing water on your property reduces your risk of mosquitoes invading your home.

Blood-feeding insects like the mosquito transmit diseases that affect both humans and animals.Besides the risk of diseases being passed through their bites, secondary infections can be caused after the blood-meal has been taken.

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